[Tuna] all important information about Tuna in Indonesia

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The fisheries sector has a strategic role for developing countries in supporting their economic growth and development. Moreover, the fisheries sector has also a vital role in food security due to its affordability, availability and accessibility to the poor people in developing countries. However, some developing countries are difficult to benefit from this sector due to poor institutional problems that may trigger various risks and uncertainty in market transactions. (Jacinto & Pomeroy 2011; Miyake et al. 2010)

As the biggest archipelago in the world with 28,208 islands and 5.8 million km total marine areas, Indonesia should be able to improve the fishery and marine sector to encourage sustainable economic development and reduce poverty. Indonesian’s position in the global seafood production is second after China, accounted for 8.8 million metric tons. However, its production level is far lower than China that produced 57 million metric tons. There are various root causes of low competitiveness of fisheries and marine sectors in Indonesia. They may include poor institutional arrangements, lack of government support and low adoption of technology. Moreover, the development of marine and fisheries sectors in Indonesia has just started since the Indonesian government started to form a new department of the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine in 2005. (Ministry of Marine Affairs 2010)

In general, Indonesian fishery exports is still dominated by aquaculture. From 2003 to 2008, shrimp and crab had high export volumes reaching 170.583 and 20.713 tons, respectively. In this period, they also reached the highest export growth rates at 4.58% and 15.06%, respectively. Furthermore, tuna as a commodity with high economic value dominates the growth of marine capture fisheries. Tuna export grew by 4.58% between 2003 and2008 and the volume of exports reached 170.583 tons. Furthermore, its export value has increased significantly from 2006 to 2010 by 9.46% valued at U.S. $ 355 million. One important factor that contributes to the increased tuna’s export is the long line fisheries of “yellowfin” and “bigeye” tuna that in the 2nd biggest in the world after China and Taiwan. (Ministry of Marine Affairs 2010)

 

A high-value of Tuna’s export should be paid a great attention from the Indonesian government and among domestic players to develop a strong and good value chain in order to support this opportunity. Therefore, analysis of the development of a strong and good value chain is crucial not only to gain benefits from Indonesia’s potentials in the global tuna market but also to contribute to poverty reduction programs especially in the coastal areas where the majority of Indonesian population are still living under poverty. (Martin 2008; Proctor et al. 2003; Satriaa & Matsudaa 2004)

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Here are below the important stuff regarding Tuna’s fisheries in Indonesia including video about the artisanal fisheries.

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Tuna fishing in Bunaken

[youtube]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a5j8Tfn-Qx8[/youtube]

A review of Indonesia’s Indian Ocean tuna fisheries

Author(s): Craig H. Proctor, I. Gede S. Merta, M. Fedi A. Sondita, Ronny I. Wahju, Tim L.O. Davis, John S. Gunn and Retno Andamari

The Indonesia-Australia Meeting on Indian Ocean fisheries, held in Bali in 2000, identified priority areas for future research co-operation and collaboration between Australia and Indonesia in the field of tuna and shark fisheries. A strategic plan was formulated with a vision that by 2008 Indonesia will have statistically robust data collection, synthesis and reporting systems, and the fishery stock assessment capacity to enable Indonesian scientists to provide robust data summaries and stock assessments of Indonesia’s Indian Ocean fisheries to management organisations such as the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC) and the Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna (CCSBT). Source: http://aciar.gov.au/publication/CoP05

The status of indonesian tuna fisheries in the indian ocean

http://www.iotc.org/files/proceedings/1995/ec/IOTC-1995-EC601-03.pdf

Studies of indonesian Tuna fisheries

http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/003/W3628E/w3628e0n.htm

Indonesian fisheries of yellowfin tuna

http://www.spc.int/DigitalLibrary/Doc/FAME/Meetings/WPYRG/4/WP6.pdf

Sustainable fishery partnership

http://www.sustainablefish.org/fisheries-improvement/tuna/indonesia-yellowfin-tuna

Research center for aquaculture Indonesia

http://www.rca-prpb.com/content.php?id=%2083&page=Gondol

Review of yellow fin tuna fisheries

http://www.spc.int/DigitalLibrary/Doc/FAME/Meetings/WPYRG/2/Doc9.pdf

Others

http://www.wcpfc.int/doc/2009/report-third-eastern-indonesia-tuna-fishery-data-collection-workshop-eitfdc-3-15-17-january

http://www.apfic.org/Archive/symposia/1993/36.pdf

Dias Satria
Dias Satria
Dias Satria, Research field :Economic development, international trade, Banking and small/medium enterprise Email. dias.satria@gmail.com Mobile Phone. +62 81 333 828 319 Office Phone. +62 341 551 396

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